Infection Prevention and Control for Ebola (EVD) and COVID-19

Key points for health care workers

Rendering of the 2019-nCoV virion. Dan Higgins, MAM/CDC/REUTERS

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?

What is COVID‑19?


EVD (commonly known as Ebola), is caused by viruses within the genus Ebolavirus. It’s a rare but deadly disease that causes bleeding and organ failure.

COVID-19, caused by the respiratory coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID), is a disease characterized by various symptoms that can include fever and shortness of breath.

How is EVD transmitted?

How is COVID‑19 transmitted?


Primarily contact, or droplets in the form of bodily fluids

Primarily respiratory droplet, or contact

What PPE is needed for EVD?

What PPE is needed for COVID‑19?


Needed: Gown or coveralls, waterproof apron, goggles and/or face shield (for eye protection), two pairs of gloves (including one long surgical glove), gum boots, surgical mask, hood or cap over head
Optional: Hair net, Boot covers

Needed: Gown, googles or face shield (for eye protection), surgical mask, respirator (when dealing with aerosol-generating procedures (AGPs))

What do you do with a suspected case of EVD?

What do you with a suspected case of COVID‑19?

Immediate isolation at health care facility (HCF) Immediate isolation using risk-based approach: HCF for high-risk patients; home or community for mild cases

How long is quarantine for EVD?

How long is quarantine for COVID‑19?


Up to 21 days

Up to 14 days

How are dead bodies managed for EVD?

How are dead bodies managed for COVID‑19?


No touching or cleansing of dead bodies

Handling of bodies using routine management processes

Is sharps safety important for EVD?

Is sharps safety important for COVID‑19?


YES! Always place sharps in sharps container after use

How are surfaces disinfected for EVD?

How are surfaces disinfected for COVID‑19?

0.05%: Use for soiled linen management only AFTER cleaning. Soak linen for 15-30 minutes. Also use for hands if ABHR or soap and water are not available.

0.1%: Use for routine surface cleaning.

0.5%: Use for blood or bodily fluids only AFTER cleaning.

How should routine hand hygiene be performed when dealing with EVD?

How should routine hand hygiene be performed when dealing with COVID‑19?

If hands are visibly soiled, wash with soap and water for 40-60 seconds.
If hands are not visibly soiled, use Alcohol-Based Handrub (ABHR) for 20-30 seconds.